The purpose of this website is to teach you about the music of India. India's music is truly important and affects the lives of all Indians. In India, music is a source of entertainment, the foundation for religious inspiration and rituals, and has become a crucial part of India's culture. India, with its widespread people, many languages, and diverse cultures, has some of the most unique music in the world.
Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. Initially composed in Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on December 27th, 1911. Jana Gana Mana was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24th, 1950.
Vande Mataram, literally translated to "I bow to thee, Mother," is a poem in the 1882 novel Anandamatha by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay. It is written in a mixture of Bengali and Sanskrit. It is a hymn to the goddess Durga. It came to be considered the National Song of India, and it played a part in the Indian independence movement. It was first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. In 1950, its first two verses were given the official status of national song of the Republic of India, distinct from the national anthem of India Jana Gana Mana.